What is gum disease and how is it prevented?

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Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque to build up on the teeth and harden. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums, and possible tooth loss as well as painful chewing issues and even severe pain.

Some symptoms of gum disease include bad breath that won’t go away, red or swollen gums, painful chewing, loose teeth and sensitive teeth.  Many healthy habits that could prevent gum disease from happening could be brushing your teeth on a consistent basis 2x a day using fluoride toothpaste, regular dental visits (every 6 months), and no smoking.  Also, flossing is essential to the prevention of gum disease by removing plaque build up between your teeth.  Furthermore, a special device can be used that is considered a “water flosser” that is a special brush used to remove plaque in sensitive areas between your teeth especially in tight areas.