Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease and presents itself with gum redness and swelling. It is most commonly caused by a lack of good oral hygiene, such as not brushing & flossing twice daily as well as not attending routine cleanings and check-ups at our office.
To the average person, gingivitis can go unnoticed, as it is typically not painful. One of the first signs an individual might notice is blood (in the sink or on their tooth brush) when brushing.
So, how does one tell the difference between healthy gums and unhealthy gums? For a better visual of what is considered healthy and unhealthy, please see image below.
Healthy gums are:
- Pink and firm
- They fit snugly around one’s teeth
Unhealthy gums are:
- Red, puffy, swollen, or tender
- Separated or have pulled away from your teeth
With good oral hygiene (brushing, flossing, using mouthwash & regular check-ups), gingivitis can be reversed. However, a diagnosis of gingivitis should be taken seriously. If it is left untreated, it can lead to Periodontitis, which is a more severe form of gum disease. For questions regarding the health of your gums, please feel free to touch base with one of our dentists or dental hygienists.
“What Are the Stages of Gum Disease?” Colgate Oral Care Center. Colgate-Palmolive Company, 15 Nov. 2010. Web. 4 Apr. 2016.